Rehabilitation centres, also referred to as inpatient rehabilitation hospitals, are dedicated to the rehabilitation of patients with various neurological and mental illnesses. The industry is largely made up of independent hospitals & psychiatric nursing homes that operate these facilities. There are also inpatient rehabilitation hospitals that offer this service in a hospital-like setting, but separate from acute care facilities.
Rehabilitation hospitals were created to meet a perceived need for facilities which were less costly on a daily basis as compared to general hospitals but which provided a higher level of professional therapies such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, and psychosocial therapy than can be obtained in a psychiatric nursing home facility. A positive determination will be made if the patient is deemed to require a certain level of therapy.
Most of the psychiatric nursing homes and addiction rehabilitation centres have teams which are comprised of psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors and paramedics.
Services offered at Psychiatric Nursing Homes & Rehabilitation centres include:
- Addiction treatment
- Treatment of Depression, Bipolar Disorder & Schizophrenia
- Dual Diagnosis and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Occupational Therapy & Dietary Counseling
- Family Therapy & Relapse Prevention
Drug rehabilitation is the process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependence on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and narcotic/ street drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to confront substance dependence, if present, and cease substance abuse to avoid any psychological, legal, financial, social, and/or physical consequences.
Substance dependence, also known as drug dependence, is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use. A drug addiction, a distinct concept from substance dependence, is defined as compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences. An addictive drug is a drug which is both rewarding and reinforcing.
Treatment includes medication for depression or other disorders, counseling by experts and sharing of experience with other addicts
One approach with limited applicability is the sober coach. In this approach, the client is serviced by the provider(s) in his or her home and workplace for any efficacy, around-the-clock—who functions much like a nanny to guide or control the patient’s behavior.
Addiction is a complex but treatable condition. It is characterized by compulsive substance craving, seeking, and use that persists even if the user is aware of severe adverse consequences. For some people, addiction becomes chronic, with periodic relapses even after long periods of abstinence. As a chronic, relapsing disease, addiction may require continued treatments to increase the intervals between relapses and diminish their intensity. While some with substance issues recover and lead fulfilling lives, others require ongoing additional support. The ultimate goal of addiction treatment is to enable an individual to manage their substance misuse; for some this may mean abstinence. Immediate goals are often to reduce substance abuse, improve the patient’s ability to function, and minimize the medical and social complications of substance abuse and their addiction
Traditional addiction treatment is based primarily on counseling.
Counselors help individuals with identifying behaviors and problems related to their addictions. It can be done on an individual basis, but it’s more common to find it in a group setting and can include crisis counseling, weekly or daily counseling, and drop-in counseling supports. Counselors are trained to develop recovery programs that help in reinstating healthy behaviors and providing coping strategies whenever a situation of risk arises. It’s very common to see them working with family members also, who are affected by the addictions of the individual, or in a community to prevent addiction and educate the public. Counselors should be able to recognize how addiction affects the whole person and those around him or her. Counseling is also related to “Intervention“; a process in which the addict’s family and loved ones request help from a professional to get an individual into drug addiction treatment.
This process begins with a professional’s first goal: breaking down denial of the person with the addiction. Denial implies lack of willingness of the patients or fear of confronting the true nature of the addiction and to take any action to improve their lives, instead of continuing with the destructive behavior. Once this has been achieved, the counselor coordinates with the addict’s family to support them on getting the individual to drug rehabilitation immediately, with concern and care for this person. Otherwise, this person will be asked to leave and expect no support of any kind until going into drug rehabilitation or alcoholism treatment. An intervention can also be conducted in the workplace environment with colleagues instead of family.