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What is Drug-Induced Psychosis?

drug psychosis

What is Drug-Induced Psychosis?

Toxic psychosis, alcohol-induced psychosis, and drug-induced psychosis are all diagnostic terms for a mental health illness in which a person suffers hallucinations, delusions, or both within a month of using or withdrawing from prescription medicines, illegal drugs, and/or alcohol.

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), drug-induced psychosis affects 7% to 25% of individuals treated for their first psychotic episode.

If you or a loved one is suffering from the symptoms of a substance/medication-induced psychotic condition, there are various treatment options and services available to help.

SYMPTOMS

Delusions, hallucinations, or both are common symptoms of drug-induced psychotic illness. Individuals who are experiencing these symptoms may or may not be aware of whether their hallucinations and/or delusions are real.

Delusions

Delusions are false beliefs or thoughts that are not founded on reality.

The following are examples of delusions:

  • Persecutory: Feelings that others are trying to get you or are spying on you, even organizations.
  • Grandiose: Belief in yourself as being outstanding, unique, gifted, and superior to others.
  • Referential: Belief that people and their surroundings have hidden meanings that are meant to communicate with you.
  • Erotomanic: Belief in the existence of someone or numerous persons who are in love with you despite evidence to the contrary.
  • Nihilism: Beliefs that a tragedy will occur.
  • Somatic: Belief that there is a problem with your body.

“My old firm is monitoring my every move and is trying to get me,” for example, is a persecutory delusion. An erotomanic illusion could be, for example, “Aishwariya Rai is in love with me”.

Hallucinations

A hallucination is when you have an out-of-body experience with one or more senses that isn’t founded on reality.

The following are examples of hallucinations:

  • Auditory: Hearing voices or sounds that aren’t actually there.
  • Visual: Perceiving things that aren’t actually present
  • Olfactory: The ability to detect scents that no one else can.
  • Tactile: Having the sensation of being touched even when no one or nothing is touching you.
  • Gustatory: Tasting something even when you don’t have anything in your mouth.

In an auditory hallucination, for example, a person may hear a voice instructing them to flee or telling them that they are being followed. A visual hallucination occurs when a person sees someone, who isn’t actually there, following them.

CAUSES

A large percentage of people with a substance use disorder also have a co-occurring mental health disorder. While chemicals may not cause drug-induced psychosis directly, certain substances can trigger psychosis in people who are predisposed to it.

Risk factors for drug-induced psychotic disorder owing to cannabis, opiates, stimulants, or numerous substances were identified in a longitudinal study of persons who presented with drug-induced psychosis, these were:

  • Being a man
  • Being under the age of 30
  • Having a mental health problem that isn’t being addressed

Not only were these people at risk for substance-induced psychosis, but they were also more likely to acquire schizophrenia in the coming years.

Psychoactive Substances:

Drug-induced psychosis can be caused by a wide range of psychoactive drugs, including:

  • Alcohol
  • Cannabis
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)
  • Hallucinogens
  • Inhalants
  • Sedatives
  • Hypnotics
  • Amphetamines
  • Stimulants

DIAGNOSIS

Symptoms must have a considerable influence on your quality of life in order to be diagnosed with drug-induced psychosis.

While distinguishing drug-induced psychosis from the schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders might be challenging, there are a few crucial variables to consider.

With psychosis brought on by drugs or alcohol:

  • Symptoms appear within a month of using or detoxing from drugs, alcohol, or both.
  • Prior to the substance use or withdrawal, there are no signs or symptoms of psychosis.
  • Symptoms usually last less than a month.
  • Withdrawal symptoms normally fade after a while.
  • Individuals don’t experience disorganized speech or behavior, as well as decreased emotional expressiveness, which are common symptoms among people with schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic diseases.

Onset during intoxication:

Symptoms of drug-induced psychosis might appear as soon as a substance is consumed.

When diagnosing someone, the treating physician or mental health professional will look to see if the symptoms started while the substance was still in their system. An onset during intoxication is a term used to describe such a situation.

Onset during withdrawal:

During withdrawal, one may have symptoms of drug-induced psychosis.

The treating doctor will keep track of how long the symptoms last to make sure no other mental health issues are present.

If the symptoms persist for more than a month after the substance has been removed from the system, they may ask for more information to determine if another mental health disease, such as drug-induced mood disorder, is a better fit for the symptoms.

TREATMENT

Treatment for drug-induced psychosis varies based on the patient and their specific needs. Stopping the triggering substance and closely monitoring the patient in a safe setting may be sufficient in many circumstances. Different substances, like in alcohol, may necessitate more severe treatment.

While it’s necessary to get the substance out of the person’s system (acute), it’s also critical to address any underlying mental health issues (long-term). Combining acute and long-term care might sometimes prevent a person from developing drug-induced psychosis in the future.

Medication

Medications can be used to alleviate the symptoms of drug-induced psychosis and to assist the person’s mood to normalize.

Psychotherapy

To lessen the odds of having drug-induced psychosis again in the long run, it’s critical to treat any underlying mental health disorders.

Among the treatment options available are:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  • Inpatient treatment for drug and/or alcohol abuse is available.
  • Outpatient treatment for drug and/or alcohol abuse is available.
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Group Therapy

Alcohol-Induced Psychosis Considerations

When compared to other substances and treatments, alcohol withdrawal may necessitate greater monitoring. The individual may have delirium tremens (DTs), symptoms of alcohol-induced psychosis, and bodily function failure in severe cases, which can be deadly.

Treatment and care options may include:

  • Tests and monitoring.
  • Vitals stabilization, electrolyte and vitamin replenishment, and liver disease testing
  • If necessary, sedation with medication
  • Suicide assessment and monitoring

Beginning inpatient or outpatient treatment once withdrawal is complete and the patient has stabilized can be extremely beneficial. In addition to counseling, support groups may be effective.

COPING

It’s critical to emphasize self-care if you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of substance/medication-induced psychosis.

Aside from getting professional help, you can also:

  • Begin to practise mindfulness to help you cope with stress.
  • Ground yourself by using breathing exercises.
  • Look for indicators of caregiver exhaustion and take some time to relax.
  • Talk to someone you trust about what you’re going through.
  • Read up on the latest research on drug-induced psychosis.

A Word from Tulasi Healthcare

Although experiencing symptoms of psychosis can be terrifying, keep in mind that they may be directly related to a substance or medication that can be addressed. If you or a loved one is suffering symptoms of psychosis, contact a medical expert right away so you can get the help you need.

A New Beginning – The Story of My Journey of Recovery

addiction recovery

It usually starts with legal intoxicants like cigarettes and alcohol, the oft cited “Gateway drugs” in which some tend to include marijuana as well. Mine is a similar story, experimenting initially with the “legal” drugs it wasn’t long before I started meddling with the “illegal” and “hard” drugs ranging from prescription medication, cannabis and opiates to hallucinogens like LSD.

The start was out of curiosity, to try and feel the various “highs” each different drug had to offer, the journey saw me dabbling with “party” drugs like mdma and meth and even “designer” drugs like 2CB. Eventually, before one realises it, escapism takes over, not feeling good today take something, feeling low, tense or under pressure due to life struggles, take something, if you took “uppers” or stimulants and are having a hard time getting back to normal (so that you can get your appetite back and then sleep peacefully) take some “downers” or sedatives.

It was not long before I realised that I need help, self-administering substances is not the normal way to lead one’s life. Through divine grace, I was fortunate to get the medical help which so many people desperately need and only some are lucky enough to get. I was admitted to Tulasi Healthcare Centre by my parents, the round the clock availability of medical experts ranging from psychiatrists, psychologists and nurses, to support staff of social workers, was a God sent.

The psychologists helped me identify the problem areas and to heal past emotional traumas, to introspect and get to the realisation, to a stage of acceptance of the fact that I have a drug problem and that it is a disease which I will have to be careful about throughout my life. Only then will I be able to walk on the path of recovery which like life is a “journey” and not a “destination”.

Recovery is not something which can be taken lightly, the problem of drug abuse is basically a problem of emotions, I was not dealing with my emotions in a healthy way, trying to fix them by taking external substances, in the process making things worse, losing perception of reality and blaming circumstances for my condition rather than accepting the fact that it is my own reactions that are faulty.

Circumstances, by and large, in my life are still the same, if not worse, but it is the acceptance of the whole deal, of the game of life, that we are not in control of the things that happen to us but the way we perceive them and then act (or react) to them.

I cannot thank the people at Tulasi Healthcare Centre enough, they have played an immense role in providing me with a new lease of life. Ultimately, I will thank God, in thanking him I will be able to thank everyone from my parents to Dr. Gorav Gupta who has proved to be a beacon of light to the countless souls progressing on the path of recovery like me.

Author: Ajitinder Singh Sandhu Ex patient at Tulasi Healthcare.

Susceptibility (risk) factors for in-patient violence at psychiatric hospitals

psychiatric hospital in delhi

The assessment and management of risk and susceptibility of violence in the patients with mental disorders residing in psychiatric hospitals have been extensively debated over the past many years. Some mental disorders and a few specific genetic factors have proven to modify the risk associated with violence. Skills for precise evaluation and management of risks are essential for psychiatrists and other clinicians involved in the treatment of mental disorders, to prevent undesirable results. Historically, risk assessment has been conducted basis the evaluators’ clinical impressions.

Despite the recent development and breakthroughs in the field of risk assessment, there has been a foreseeable risk of erroneous estimation of future violence. 4 techniques are principally used in risk management: monitoring, supervision, treatment, and victim protection. A recent trend in this field is bearing in mind protective factors, and some useful tools focused on this have been introduced in clinical setting. In future, biological factors may be integrated into risk assessment and estimation of treatment response.

The assessment and management of risk for violence presents significant disputes for forensic mental health practitioners. Mentally Disordered Offenders (MDOs) are subjects of psychiatry, and psychiatric nurses are therefore exposed to a high risk of persecution. In addition, accurate inference of risk and effective intrusion for the risk of violence, are necessary to proceed towards the deinstitutionalization of patients with mental disorders. Despite some opinions opposing the involvement of psychiatrists in violence risk management, mental health practitioners are expected to evaluate the risk of violence and estimate the necessity of confinement for patients with mental disorders. Ultimately, mental health practitioners need to develop skills to evaluate and manage the risk of untimely death of the patients and of others in the patients’ environment through risk assessment.

Risk management refers to the process of ameliorating a patient’s predisposition for violence to reduce the risk of unwanted outcomes.

There are several biological factors pertinent to the materialization of violence. The amygdala plays a crucial role in impetuosity, alongside the hypothalamus and prefrontal cortex. Prompting of the anterior, lateral, ventromedial, and dorsomedial nuclei in the hypothalamus causes hostility. The amygdala deregulates dread and disquiet, also resulting in violent behavior. Prefrontal cortex dysfunction can also lead to irresponsible & aggressive behavior.

Some neuro chemical transmitters also control aggression. Low serotonin and gamma-aminobutyric acid are linked with impulsivity. In addition, high doses of nor-adrenaline, acetylcholine, and dopamine are likely to cause aggression. Congenital / hereditary factors have also been under focus in relation to aggressive behavior. Also, currently, psychotic symptoms are widely considered to be associated with an increased likelihood of violence.

Structured Professional Judgment (SPJ), a process of risk assessment that is currently prevailing as the chief method of risk assessment, emphasizes on the importance of both static and dynamic factors of the subjects, and has overcome the shortcomings of both unstructured clinical judgment and actuarial risk assessment.

Risk assessment and management are essential tasks for forensic psychiatrists and other mental health professionals who operate in psychiatric hospitals or in other such IPD settings. General psychiatric practitioners can often be involved in this challenging work, as unavoidably. Thus, precise and well-balanced risk assessment methods are needed to efficiently tackle & avert the risk of violence at psychiatric hospitals.

Patient assaults among staff members of Mental Health Hospitals

drug rehabilitation in delhi

Patients physically assaulting the staff at mental hospitals where they are admit, which results in minor/ severe injuries or even deaths is alarmingly prevalent in the current scenario, especially in IPD settings (such as in mental hospitals).

Paramedical staffs, psychiatrists, psychologists and counselors face manifold types of antagonism, violence, and beating at work, collectively referred to as workplace violence, which usually is sparked off by patients. Whether workplace violence negatively affects staff well-being may be related not only to its presence, but also to a person’s pressure reactivity. The creation of a healing environment is a vital goal for psychiatric inpatient settings. Interpersonal hostility in the form of discord, antagonism, violence, and assault are common occurrences in mental hospital wards, and impair the development of a treatment-conducive environment. These also create hardships for staff well-being, detracting them from patient care.

Several studies have documented that psychiatric staff are at high risk of workplace violence, including physical assault and verbal aggression by patients, visitors, supervisors, and coworkers

Staff members are likely to appraise conflict with patients in a different way when compared to appraisal of conflicts with coworkers and supervisors, bearing in mind that it is a part of a patient’s pathology.

An international review of violence toward nurses establishes that 55% of nurses in psychiatric and mental hospital settings experienced physical assault and that psychiatric settings had a higher rate of violence than any other health care setting. It is generally accepted that these assault records’ data are underestimates, because many staff may under-report harassment or assault due to fear of being perceived as less competent or being blamed, peer pressure not to report assault based on the gender of the person assaulted, or a lack of desire to deal with excessive paperwork or even of the threat of being fired from the job. According to recent studies, staff who are assaulted tend to be young (less than 30 years old), less experienced, less educated, spend more time with patients and are less qualified.

Direct care staff can feel beleaguered, vulnerable, disturbed, and shamed by assault and spoken hostility in their respective mental hospital units. The most commonly reported poignant consequences of assault and verbal aggression are fright, annoyance, rage, dread, disquiet, stress, and irritability. Similar to persons who have experienced traumatic events in the past, psychiatric unit staff who have been assaulted by patients are at increased risk of developing PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) and major depression.

Job performance can also be adversely affected by feelings of insecurity; staff members who feel unsafe at work may engage in behaviors that impair curative bonding with patients: such as avoidance, passivity, and inconsistent or harsh enforcement of ward rules.

Mental hospitals suffer as organizations when staff safety is jeopardized. The incidence of episodes of violence in mental hospitals has direct costs for medical care, litigation, worker’s compensation benefits, paid leave, and substitute staffing. Additionally, there are indirect costs related to low self-esteem, employment and retention difficulties, service disruption, compromised public relations, impaired job performance, and the development of a negative therapeutic environment.

Prevalence of self-stigma and its association with self-esteem among patients in mental hospitals

psychiatric hospital delhi ncr

Stigma against mental disorders cuts across all age, religion, ethnic origin or socio-economic strata. In the same way, self-stigma among psychiatric patients admit in mental hospitals or in other IPD settings is also prevalent worldwide. The consequences of self-stigma are low self-confidence, increased severity of symptoms, low adherence to prescribed medication & treatment, increased suicide rate and an overall decreased quality of life.

Mental disorders are accompanied by reactions from the societies and communities of the suffering persons, that adds a dimension of suffering to the existent condition of the sufferer, which is called “second illness” or “stigma”.

Most studies highlight the existence of two dimensions of stigma namely, public stigma and self-stigma or internalized stigma. Public stigma is comprised of the negative attitudes held by members of the public about devalued people. On the other hand, self-stigma occurs when people internalize those public attitudes and suffer numerous negative consequences as a result.

Negative attitudes of people in general (hospital staffs, other people in society) towards them, during the process of admission into a mental hospital, may be an underlying cause for them to internalize such negative attitudes leading to self-stigma.

According to a study, prevalence of self- stigma among psychiatric patients is high: ranging from 22.5 to 97.4% in different countries: it is 36% in USA, 97.4% in Ethiopia, 22.5% in Nigeria, 49.5% in China and 50–66% in India.

In addition to this, self-stigma among psychiatric patients is associated with poor quality of life, low treatment adherence, decreased esteem, increased severity of symptoms, low self-efficacy and poor recovery. In extreme circumstances, self-stigma is associated with a higher rate of suicidality.

Self-stigma is strongly linked with low self-esteem that is directly related to the prognosis and impediment of the disease condition. On the other hand, positive self-esteem is basic characteristic of mental health that protects the people’s mental health from the impact of negative influences of mental illness. Furthermore, it promotes and facilitates effective coping with stressful situations, thus acting as a protective factor in mental health. This imperative element of mental health is vulnerable to self-stigma among psychiatric patients.

Implementation of awareness programs could help in reduction of self-stigma.

Furthermore, self-stigma and self-esteem have a strong negative relationship, which implies that as self-stigma increases, self-esteem decreases.

So in order to protect the self-esteem of psychiatric patients residing in mental hospitals or other such IPD settings, self-stigma must be reduced.

Different interventions and therapies being practiced at mental hospitals, which are focused on reduction and elimination of self-stigma like healthy self-concept, self-stigma reduction program, ending self-stigma, and cognitive therapy might help in reducing self-stigma. Self-esteem enhancement programs can also decrease self-stigma. A reduction in public stigma is also suggested here.

Marijuana Induced Psychosis

psychiatric hospital in india

Psychosis is a mental condition in which the affected person loses touch with reality and may exhibit symptoms like delusion, hallucination, paranoia, muddled thinking, slurred speech, loss of motivation, despair, anxiety & insomnia. 3 out of every 100 people experience a psychotic episode at least once in their lives*. During the initial Prodromal Phase of psychosis, subtle changes reflect in thinking, perception and behavior. During the Acute Phase, full blown symptoms occur which may affect the individual’s daily routine and hamper functioning. Later on, the Recovery Phase commences.

Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is the most commonly used illicit recreational drug.

psychiatric hospital in delhi

Cannabis has pain-relieving & stimulating effects. There are 400 chemical compounds in the cannabis plant. The effects occur instantaneously when inhaled & after an hour when consumed orally.
Prominent symptoms associated with cannabis use include auditory hallucinations, paranoid feelings of being persecuted, depersonalization, anxiety, grandiosity, irritability, feeling of relaxation, loss of inhibition, increased talkativeness, confused perception of space and time, sedation; reduced ability to concentrate & remember.

Psychosis associated with Cannabis has been explained by various hypotheses:

  • Contributing Cause Hypothesis: psychosis is an outcome of cannabis usage;
  • Self-Medication Hypothesis: cannabis use is a consequence of psychosis;
  • Vulnerability Hypothesis: cannabis acts as a trigger for individuals vulnerable to psychosis. Young people with immature brains & persons with a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia are more vulnerable;
  • The gateway drug hypothesis asserts that the use of cannabis may eventually lead to the use of more potent drugs.Cannabis is psychologically addictive & withdrawal symptoms include craving, decreased appetite, sleep difficulty, weight loss, aggression, irritability, restlessness & strange dreams. Treating mental health disorder with standard treatments involving medications & behavioral therapies may help reduce cannabis use.

marijuana induced psychosis

Behavioral treatments include Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Contingency management & Motivational enhancement therapy. For some cases, it requires long-term rehabilitation for management and relapse prevention.

If you or someone you care for is struggling with addiction to cannabis/cannabis induced psychosis, please feel free to reach out to our experts using the following coordinates: _________

*Source:https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/raise/fact-sheet-first-episode-psychosis.shtml

Management of Withdrawal Symptoms during Lockdown

psychiatric hospital in india

Management of Withdrawal Symptoms during Lockdown

With more than three billion people around the world living under lockdown, is it likely that many people will turn to addiction while being confined to the four walls of their respective homes?

Before the country-wide, 21-day lockdown being announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, several states had already begun preparations for such a situation. State government officials had already announced a list of essential services which would be active and functional during this lockdown phase. The list includes provision of basic necessities such as food, groceries, medicines, etc. However, the pubs and bars are to remain shut. The ban on alcohol is a well-intentioned attempt to minimize social contact as well as risky or anti-social behavior associated with alcohol consumption.

When confined, most of the strategies for coping with stress, such as outdoor sports or going out for strolls, no longer exist. But the stress keeps accumulating.

Staying at home during lockdown also implies that the factors that prevented alcohol and other drugs’ use impacting other aspects of life do not exist. This might be the first time that others in your household find out that you are using substances and keeping that use out of sight of children is quite challenging.

Psychiatric hospitals and rehabilitation centres across the globe are witnessing a spike in the number of people approaching them, especially those who are complaining of withdrawal symptoms due to non-availability of alcohol and illicit narcotic drugs.

When people stop consuming alcohol and administering illegal drugs after years of addiction to regular or adulterated alcohol or drugs, they suffer a from a lot of physical and mental health issues.

These issues, referred to as withdrawal symptoms are a result of sudden stoppage of consumption of alcohol or drugs and start showing within 24 hours. Some of the mild withdrawal symptoms are unrest, headaches, queasiness, nausea, insomnia and sweating & the more severe symptoms are hallucination, delusion, confusion, hypertension, fever, heavy sweating and even delirium tremens.

Forcing alcoholics, particularly, to go “cold turkey” can be life-threatening & could also lead to serious depression and suicide & may also result in violent episodes.

Methods to manage withdrawal:

  1. Banning the sale of alcohol may be necessary during the lockdown period in order to prevent the dissemination of covid-19. It may be beneficial to have specific clinics or centres for people to seek help for alcohol withdrawal. This is particularly important when hospitals and OPDs are high-risk zones for contracting covid-19. Most psychiatric hospitals and rehabilitation centres are open round the clock with their counseling and tele-counseling services available to the suffering population.
  2. There has been an increase in the number of virtual drink meet-ups, which promote a need for conviviality and decompression, without physically indulging in drinking.
  3. These “stress moderators” however, may not fit in with other activities that can be soothing while in confinement, such as watching movies or reading.
  4. With the right combination of counseling and medication, it is possible to help reduce the effects of withdrawal symptoms.
  5. It is advisable for people who are actively taking steps to stop drinking, smoking and administering drugs to: take their medications properly, eating and sleeping timely, taking care of their physical health by exercising indoors and staying hydrated.
  6. Tipplers suffering from withdrawal symptoms must practice yoga and meditation to overcome the withdrawal symptoms.
  7. For smokers, this phase provides too many opportunities to light up. However, when locked up, in order to prevent the exhaled tobacco smoke from affecting the health of those living with the smoker in the same house, the best thing to do is to replace the mode of administration to patches or use substitutes such as electronic cigarettes. The best option is to make use of this opportunity to quit smoking ‘cold turkey’.
  8. Both chronic alcoholics and chain smokers have to manage the issue of craving, which is an urge to use a substance. It is likely that you will have cravings while withdrawing.

Cravings tend to last for a few minutes. The following remedial actions can help overcome these withdrawal symptoms:

  • Schedule your day’s activities
  • Procrastinate administration or usage
  • Distraction of brain by engaging in activities like dancing and singing
  • Breathing slowly & meditating for composure
  • Asking oneself if one is hungry, angry, lonely or tired?
  1. Introduction of drug consumption rooms: These shall provide for safe and sterile places for people to consume/administer drugs. Also, they ensure that immediate help is on hand should someone accidentally overdose.

If you or someone you know is exhibiting withdrawal symptoms, owing to being abstinent from alcohol/substance usage, please feel free to connect with us at [email protected] Visit us: www.tulasihealthcare.com

Crypto-currency Gambling Addiction

gambling addiction psychiatric hospital

For an enhanced comprehension of the facets of crypto-currency gambling, let’s first understand the basics of crypto-currency.

Crypto-currency fundamentally is digital money stored online, cosseted by algorithms. Contemporarily, the most renowned crypto-currency is Bitcoin (BTC). Ethereum (ETH) and Litecoin (LTC) are other alternatives for those who would prefer using something a little less popular.

Crypto-currency is to a large extent, unregulated by governmental bodies and isn’t controlled by a central authority, which makes it an appealing concept for people who are put off by the time it takes for monetary transactions to be validated by banks or other such governing third-parties.

A big causative aspect behind the rapidity and safety of crypto-currency dealings is the block-chain.

The ascension of crypto-currencies has led to the creation of a new variety of gamblers. These gamblers shall in all probability confront the same psychosomatic problems as those being faced by gamblers engaged in compulsive betting.

Unpredictable fluctuation in the worth of crypto-currencies is the reason behind the industry becoming increasingly attractive for gamblers.

Cryptocurrency gambling is just another form of gambling, towards which gambling addicts get attracted and end up as sufferers of compulsive gambling or pathological gambling. Such sufferers can’t control their impulse to gamble, even though they clearly see the financially unfavorable effects of this habit on themselves and on their families. Such persons shall continue gambling even if all of their financial resources are exhausted in the process.

The problem is usually associated with other mental and disposition co-morbidities such as behavior or character related disorders, material/substance use/abuse/dependence, OCD, ADHD, anxiety, despair, anxiety, bipolar disorder or even schizophrenia.

Such behavior is associated with the want of the person, like with many other addictions, to be reserved or deceptive about it. The kith and kin of suffering individuals are more likely to be concerned with the sufferers’ gambling than being concerned with the sufferers themselves.

Following are the symptoms of being addicted to trading crypto-currencies, which someone addicted to crypto currency gambling shall exhibit:

  • Wasting a lot of time trading in cryptocurrency and speculating on a regular basis, which makes primary activities such as work and exercise lose importance and become secondary
  • Accruing debts on a regular basis
  • Being deceitful to one’s own family and close relatives/friends
  • Despair, bleakness, desperation & mood swings, feelings of hopelessness and depression
  • Acute unease resulting from apprehension
  • Imagining one-self as being ‘lucky’ whenever a profitable transaction is made

If you or someone you care for has been struggling with any of these symptoms, please feel free to reach out to Tulasi’s team of mental health professionals, using the coordinates mentioned on the website: www.tulasihealthcare.com.