Taking from the name, Bi–polar disorder primarily consists of two poles of moods comprising severe highs and lows.

With these changes in moods come a number of variations in sleep, productivity, energy, thinking and behavior that are unusual in nature.

Extreme highs may be referred to as states of Mania. Extreme lows may be understood as states of Depression. These are alternated by phases of normal mood.

bipolar disorder
Mania: (minimum time period of a week)
  • Impulsivity and poor judgment: One may take on multiple projects at once without much thought and end up finishing none of them.
  • Euphoria – being very ‘high, one’s mood is extremely elevated
  • Irritability – A proclivity for engaging in risky behavior without any thought for consequences.
  • High energy in the presence of a lack of rest or restful sleep
  • Grandiosity – a sensation of being ‘on top of the world’
  • Extreme cases of Mania are also accompanied with Psychosis – a consequential loss of contact with reality. This will include

– Hallucinations: Physical sensations those aren’t real. Occurs in bipolar when extreme mania is paired with extreme sleep deprivation. They can range from seeing things that aren’t there, to tasting things as they aren’t (burnt). They can also feel tactile sensations which may include sensations of even bugs crawling over them!

– Delusions: False beliefs that the person believes are true. They can be bizarre (Not within the realm of possibility) or non – bizarre (Things that can still take place). They can range from being grandiose to believing someone important loves you.

Depression (diagnosable after 2 weeks)

  • Low mood.
  • An increase or decrease in appetite.
  • Too much or too little sleep
  • Loss of interest in pleasurable activities
  • Lack of energy.

Treatment of Bipolar disorder

 Often when diagnosed with Bipolar disorder, the client is asked to view its nature in parallel to that of diabetes. Both being chronic and incurable, can be managed enough for an individual’s functioning to return to normal and optimal. In simpler terms, while you or your loved one may be struggling right now, with the right treatment, it is possible to function normally and get better! Please don’t hesitate to connect with Tulasi Health Care’s team of de-addiction and rehabilitation experts operating incessantly at Tulasi’s Psychiatric Nursing Homes & Rehabilitation Centers.

At Tulasi Psychiatric Hospital & Rehabilitation Centers, Bipolar treatment consists mainly of Drug therapy and Psychotherapy.

  • Mood stabilizers: To treat manic or hypomanic episodes. Under this category, the most well-known mood stabilizer are used. However, the use of these medicines is not to be paired with the consumption of alcohol or consumption of water. Furthermore, a renal function test may be conducted as and when the Psychiatrist deem necessary. Other tests often conducted with this medicine include ones pertaining to the thyroid and an annual ECG.
  • Anti–depressants (SSRIs, SNRIs): To treat depressive episodes. Traditional anti – depressants aren’t usually administered as they often worsen the manic symptoms. However the ones that are given are listed below:
  • Anti–psychotics: To treat psychotic symptoms in Bipolar disorder such as hallucinations, or delusions that may accompany severe depression or mania. In lower dosages, these medicines may also be used to treat other symptoms such as anxiety.

NoteBipolar medication or most prescription drugs have notable side effects. These may include weight gain or even an increase in suicidal preoccupations. So, it’s important to maintain constant contact with your psychiatrist while being mindful of these changes in order to obtain best results.

The reality however, is stark considering the ‘normal’ lives being led by many bipolar patients – with this distance in perception caused due to inadequate information dissemination and lacked understanding.