Marijuana Induced Psychosis

marijuana psychosis


Psychosis is a mental condition in which the affected person loses touch with reality and may exhibit symptoms like delusion, hallucination, paranoia, muddled thinking, slurred speech, loss of motivation, despair, anxiety & insomnia. 3 out of every 100 people experience a psychotic episode at least once in their lives*. During the initial Prodromal Phase of psychosis, subtle changes reflect in thinking, perception and behavior. During the Acute Phase, full blown symptoms occur which may affect the individual’s daily routine and hamper functioning. Later on, the Recovery Phase commences.

Cannabis (also known as marijuana) is the most commonly used illicit recreational drug.

cannabis psychosis

Cannabis has pain-relieving & stimulating effects. There are 400 chemical compounds in the cannabis plant. The effects occur instantaneously when inhaled & after an hour when consumed orally.
Prominent symptoms associated with cannabis use include auditory hallucinations, paranoid feelings of being persecuted, depersonalization, anxiety, grandiosity, irritability, feeling of relaxation, loss of inhibition, increased talkativeness, confused perception of space and time, sedation; reduced ability to concentrate & remember.

Psychosis associated with Cannabis has been explained by various hypotheses:

  • Contributing Cause Hypothesis: psychosis is an outcome of cannabis usage;
  • Self-Medication Hypothesis: cannabis use is a consequence of psychosis;
  • Vulnerability Hypothesis: cannabis acts as a trigger for individuals vulnerable to psychosis. Young people with immature brains & persons with a genetic predisposition to schizophrenia are more vulnerable;
  • The gateway drug hypothesis asserts that the use of cannabis may eventually lead to the use of more potent drugs.Cannabis is psychologically addictive & withdrawal symptoms include craving, decreased appetite, sleep difficulty, weight loss, aggression, irritability, restlessness & strange dreams. Treating mental health disorder with standard treatments involving medications & behavioral therapies may help reduce cannabis use.

Behavioral treatments include Cognitive-behavioral therapy, Contingency management & Motivational enhancement therapy. For some cases, it requires long-term rehabilitation for management and relapse prevention.

If you or someone you care for is struggling with addiction to cannabis/cannabis-induced psychosis, please feel free to reach out to our experts using the following coordinates: _________


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