Obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental health issue characterized by repeated, recurrent, and intrusive thoughts that causes significant distress to the individual and leads to compulsive behaviour. According to studies, its lifetime prevalence is 1.6%. The essential features of OCD are time consumption, marked distress and significant impairing obsessions or compulsions that are recognized as unreasonable or foolish by the individual. It is equally common in men and women. Its onset is likely to be in childhood or early adult life. The person may need psychosocial rehabilitation at psychiatry hospital in India.
Obsessions and recurrent and persistent thoughts, ideas or images that comes to a person’s mind over and over again in a stereotype fashion. The suffer often has failed attempts to stop them. They are markedly distressing and are recognized as self- generated.
The obsessions cause significant anxiety to the individual and to neutralize it, the person indulges in a ritualistic behaviour that is repeated again and again called compulsions. The person feels compelled to perform these behaviours or mental actions to prevent negative consequences. They provide a temporary relief from anxiety which further reinforces the behaviour. They are not inherently enjoyable for the person and he/she may identify them as pointless.
Pharmacologic monotherapy usually revolves around clomipramine, a tricyclic antidepressant and SSRIs.
Top Psychiatry hospital in India like Tulasi Healthcare, a rehab centre in Gurgaon, Delhi NCR offers a combined approach of pharmacology and psychological treatment.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, chronic and long-lasting disorder in which a person has uncontrollable, reoccurring thoughts (obsessions) and behaviors (compulsions) that he or she feels the urge to repeat over and over.
People with OCD may have symptoms of obsessions, compulsions, or both. These symptoms can interfere with all aspects of life, such as work, school, and personal relationships.
Obsessions are repeated thoughts, urges, or mental images that cause anxiety.
Compulsions are repetitive behaviors that a person with OCD feels the urge to do in response to an obsessive thought.
Not all rituals or habits are compulsions. Everyone double checks things sometimes. But a person with OCD generally:
If you think you or someone you care for has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, connect with professional Mental Health Care Practitioners at Tulasi’s Psychiatric Nursing Homes & Rehabilitation Centers right away. If left untreated, OCD can interfere in all aspects of life.
OCD is typically treated with medication, psychotherapy or a combination of the two. Although most patients with OCD respond to treatment, some patients continue to experience symptoms.
Sometimes people with OCD also have other mental disorders, such as anxiety, depression, and body dysmorphic disorder, a disorder in which someone mistakenly believes that a part of their body is abnormal. It is important to consider these other disorders when making decisions about treatment.
Psychotherapy can be an effective treatment for adults and children with OCD. Research shows that certain types of psychotherapy, including cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and other related therapies (e.g., habit reversal training) can be as effective as medication for many individuals. Research also shows that a type of CBT called Exposure and Response Prevention (EX/RP) is effective in reducing compulsive behaviors in OCD, even in people who did not respond well to SRI medication. For many patients EX/RP is the add-on treatment of choice when SRIs or SSRIs medication does not effectively treat OCD symptoms.