It is characterized by prominent delusions and auditory hallucinations. However, individuals with paranoid schizophrenia tend to retain a clearer grasp on reality compared to other subtypes.
Antipsychotic Medication: Typical and atypical antipsychotics are commonly prescribed to manage symptoms.
Individual Therapy: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be effective in helping individuals challenge and manage paranoid thoughts.
Disorganized thinking and speech, inappropriate emotional responses, and difficulty with daily activities are prominent in this subtype. Hallucinations and delusions may also be present but are less organized.
Antipsychotic Medication: Helps alleviate symptoms, though individuals with this subtype may require more intensive support.
Skill-building and Rehabilitation: Occupational therapy and life skills training help individuals regain daily functioning.
Catatonia involves a range of motor disturbances, from agitation to stupor. Individuals may show peculiar movements, waxy flexibility, and echolalia (repeating others’ words).
Medical Intervention: In some severe cases, hospitalization may be required for close monitoring and treatment. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be considered for severe cases of catatonia.
This category is used when an individual’s symptoms do not clearly fit into one of the specific subtypes mentioned above.
Individualized Approach: Treatment is tailored to the individual’s specific symptom profile and needs, often combining antipsychotic medication and psychotherapy.
This subtype is characterized by a history of one or more significant psychotic episodes, but current symptoms are less severe. Individuals may experience mild negative symptoms or occasional positive symptoms.
Maintenance Medication: Antipsychotic medication is often continued to prevent relapse.
Psychoeducation and Supportive Therapy: Helps individuals understand and manage residual symptoms.
Schizoaffective disorder combines features of schizophrenia with a mood disorder (major depressive or bipolar disorder).
Combination Approach: Treatment involves a combination of antipsychotic medication for psychotic symptoms and mood stabilizers or antidepressants for mood-related symptoms.
Psychotherapy: Individual and group therapy can be beneficial in managing both the psychotic and mood aspects.
It’s important to note that treatment plans should be highly individualized, and a multidisciplinary team of mental health professionals works collaboratively to provide the best care for each person with schizophrenia in TULASI HEALTHCARE best mental hospital in India.